Anegada, British Virgin Islands - Anegada Island Iguana

Anegada, British Virgin Islands - Anegada Island Iguana

Anegada Island Iguana - Photo provided by IIF

The Anegada Island Iguana is a critically endangered species of iguana that used to historically range throughout many islands near Puerto Rico but now is restricted to just the island of Anegada.  Feral cat and dog predation and habitat destruction from grazing animals are the leading cause of its decline in its remnant habitat.  Its total population has been reduced to around 300 animals.  Zoo Miami contributed funding in 2010 to aid The International Iguana Foundation (IIF) to utilize in many of its efforts.  A headstart program was created in 1997 to repatriate hatchlings once they have obtained a larger size and have the ability to more easily evade predation.  125 iguanas have been released into the wild since 2003 through the efforts of the IIF.
 
Photo provided by IIF